The Transformation of Human Civilization through Innovation and Invention: A Quranic Perspective (Part 7)

Quran’s invitation for the use senses and intellect for proper reasoning

Quran emphasised on the use of senses and reason.[1][2][3] According to Quran, those who do not use their intellect are the worst creature on the face of the earth.[4][5][6] According to the Quran, those who violate the Divine Laws of Guidance (Open mind, freedom from prejudice, arrogance, blind following, following conjectures & assumptions without use of the faculties of perception, reasoning and intellect) cannot be guided to the truth.[7][8] 

Quran emphasises that there are plethora of signs scattered throughout the universe and only those who use their intellect and exercise their power of reasoning can decipher the meaning of parables.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]  In one of the verse Quran says, all the happenings around is by the permission of Almighty God and there is wrath who do not reason, this is as though when we exercise our reasoning and put our due efforts only then God permission can be obtained for something to happen.[20]  According to the Quran, there is correlation between listening and the understanding of human mind[21][22] and Quran further says that those who do not listen (pay attention) and thus do not understand are worse than animals.[23] According to Quran to establish unity among ourselves we should exercise our reason and apply our intellect and conclude things with justice[24]. According to the Quran, we should abstain from arguing and apply our reason to conclude and understand things.[25]


[1] Al-Quran, Chapter-2, (Surah Baqarah), Verse- 18

Deaf, dumb and blind of Reason! They will not return to begin their journey in the right direction (until they use their faculties of perception and reasoning) 

[2] Al-Quran, Chapter-17, (Surah Isra), Verse- 36

And you shall not follow blindly any information of which you have no direct knowledge. (Using your faculties of perception and conception) you must verify it for yourself (refrain from groundless assertions and conjectures). In the Court of your Lord, you will be held accountable for your hearing, sight, and the faculty of reasoning.

[3] Al-Quran, Chapter-16, (Surah Nahl), Verse- 76

Allah gives you another example of two men. One of them is he whose faculties of speech and mind are totally disabled. He cannot do anything of his own accord and he is totally dependent on his care-provider, unable to bring forth any good in any way. Can such a one be considered equal of the man who is fit, enjoins justice and himself walks the Straight Path? (Allah expects you to use your faculties to the best of your abilities).

[4] Al-Quran, Chapter-8, (Surah Anfal), Verse- 22

The worst of creations in the Sight of Allah are those deaf, those dumb who do not use their intellect (who do not use reason)/(who do not comprehend)/(who do not have any sense)/(who do not think)/(who possess no understanding)/(who do not contemplate).

[5] Al-Quran, Chapter-6, (Surah Anam), Verse- 39

Those who deny Our Signs are deaf and dumb, in total darkness. Straying, and Guidance take place according to the Divine Laws.

[6] Al-Quran, Chapter-7, (Surah Araf), Verse- 179

Our Law has committed to Hell numerous people, rural and urban; they are living the life of hell. They have hearts that they use not to understand. They have eyes with which they see not, and ears with which they hear not. They are like cattle. Nay, they are even worse. Such are the people who have chosen to live through life in total darkness of ignorance.(misguided/heedless/neglectful/unaware/careless/ignorant)

[7] Al-Quran, Chapter-4, (Surah Nisa), Verse- 88

So what has happened to you that you are split into two groups with regard to the hypocrites, whilst Allah has overturned them (i.e., their reason and contemplation) owing to their misdeeds? Do you seek to guide him to the straight road whom Allah has held strayed (because of his own misdeeds)? And, (O listener,) you cannot at all find a way (of guidance) for him whom Allah holds misguided.

[8] Al-Quran, Chapter-27, (Surah Naml), Verse- 81

Nor can you guide the blind (blind of reason and understanding) from their wrong path.

[9] Al-Quran, Chapter-2, (Surah Baqrah), Verse- 164

There are signs in all these for those who use their minds/Intellect.

[10] Al-Quran, Chapter-5, (Surah Madiah), Verse- 58

When you recite the call to the Prayer, they take it for a mockery and sport – that is because they are a people who do not use their reason to understand.

[11] Al-Quran, Chapter-5, (Surah Madiah), Verse- 103

Most of them do not use their intellect.

[12] Al-Quran, Chapter-13, (Surah Ar-Raad), Verse- 4

Verily, there are (great) signs in it for the people who apply reason.

[13] Al-Quran, Chapter-16, (Surah Nahl), Verse- 12

In that are signs for a people who comprehend.

[14] Al-Quran, Chapter-16, (Surah Nahl), Verse- 67

There is certainly a Sign in that for people who use their intellect.

[15] Al-Quran, Chapter-30, (Surah Ar-Rum), Verse- 24

Truly, in that are, certainly, signs for a folk who are reasonable.

[16]  Al-Quran, Chapter-30, (Surah Ar-Rum), Verse- 28

Thus We display the revelations for people who have sense.

[17] Al-Quran, Chapter-29, (Surah Ankabut), Verse- 63

But the majority of people fail to use their intellect. 

[18] Al-Quran, Chapter-36, (Surah Yasin), Verse- 68

So will they not reason and take heed?

[19] Al-Quran, Chapter-45, (Surah Jathiyah), Verse- 5

(in all this) there are (clear) signs for a people who are able to reason and understand.

[20] Al-Quran, Chapter-10, (Surah Yunus), Verse- 100

None can attain conviction contrary to Allah’s Laws. And those who do not use their intellect are made to carry loads of confusion on their minds.

Or

It is not for any person to believe save by God’s leave. God sets those who do not use their reason in a mire of uncleanness.

Or

And no soul has the capability to believe (on its own) without Allah’s leave. He (Allah) places the impurity of disbelief on those who do not put their reason to work (to grasp the truth).

Or

No soul yields itself servant to Allah but by His leave, and Allah lays the charge to the doors of those who have come within the measure of His wrath. They are characterized with dullness of comprehension.

[21] Al-Quran, Chapter-10, (Surah Yunus), Verse- 42

Among them are those who apparently listen to you. (But their thoughts are wandering). Can you make those deaf to hear who do not use reason?

[22] Al-Quran, Chapter-47, (Surah Mohammad), Verse- 16

(O Messenger) Among them are some who pretend to listening to you, and then, as soon as they leave your presence, they ask others who have received knowledge, “What was it that he just said?” Such are the ones whose hearts Allah has sealed, for their minds are always contemplating ways to fulfil their desires.

[23] Al-Quran, Chapter-25, (Surah Furqan), Verse- 44

Or do you think that most of them (really) listen (and apply reason) and (thus) understand? They are but like cattle, (following only their instincts). No, they are more heedless of the right way (and therefore in greater need of being led than cattle).

Or

Or do you think that most of them open their hearts’ ears or their minds’ eyes! they are like cattle, in fact even worse, for the only path they see is that leading to the loss in the maze of errors.

[24] Al-Quran, Chapter-59, (Surah Hashr), Verse- 14

You think they are united, but their hearts are diverse. That is because they are a people without reason.

[25] Al-Quran, Chapter-3, (Surah Ale-Imran), Verse- 65

O People of the Book! Why will you argue about Abraham, when the Torah and the Gospel were not revealed until after him? Do you not use your intellect?

Or

O you the followers of the Scripture, Why do you argue about [the religion of] Abraham [as to whether he was a Jew or a Christian?] Do you not realize that the Torah (being used to give birth to Judaism) and the Gospel (being used to create Christianity) were revealed long after him? (if Abraham was on the right path, then there is no need to follow “man-made” Judaism or Christianity to attain salvation.) Why do you forget about logic [in your discussions]?

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