The Transformation of Human Civilization through Innovation and Invention: A Quranic Perspective (Part-3)

Quran emphasised on distribution of wealth among the Poor and Needy

The Voluntary Spending (Zakat)

The voluntary mode spending is also discussed in the Quran comprehensively. According to the Quran, spending in a lawful manner is one of the characteristics of righteous and pious people.[1][2][3][4][5] Quran promotes the humans to spend their wealth for the needy folks of society and consider it an integral part of humanity.[6][7][8][9][10] Quran also clarifies the magnitude of wealth that should be spent in the ways as established by the Scripture.[11] There are about ninety places in the whole of the Quran where Almighty God has directly addressed the people of faith and at one place God has directly ordered them to spend from what they have and also mentions the purpose that is to transform the society.[12] Quran have also guided us about the ways of spending our wealth and possessions.[13][14] Quran clearly identifies those, who possess right in one’s wealth. According to Quran, parents & family, kith & kin, orphans, needy & helpless, travellers, those who ask for help, overburdened, poor, distributors of charity, those who are in debt and deprived have their rights in our wealth.[15][16][17] Spending for the cause of humanity (In way of Allah) is a means of repentance and expiation and results in the cleansing and purification of own self.[18][19][20][21][22]  According to Quran those who keep on spending, God will bestow His provision and they shall be compensated comprehensively[23][24][25][26] and there is a great and noble reward for them and are the people of paradise.[27][28][29][30][31] and they will be saved from evil (Satan or negative energies)[32] and they belong to people of higher ranks.[33] According to the Quran, there lies a benefit and prosperity for them who spend for social welfare[34] and they are investing in a perpetual business[35] and they are truly humble towards whole of the humanity.[36]

Quran have also admonished those who give charity to shoot themselves in the elite class of the society and hurt the feelings of the poor fellows living with us.[37][38] As per the philosophy of Quran those who spend only on themselves are unjust.[39] According to Quran those who spend to show off have evil (Satanic) psyche[40] and those who create hindrances in establishing the (divine) system of justice and social welfare are the fuel of hell.[41] According to Quran, those who are striving to hoard their wealth and hindering the system of uniform distribution of resources in society as established by the Prophet and widening the gap of rich and poor and thus, opening the gates of social evils, are the people of hell.[42][43] According to Quran, those who consider the expenditures as loss are inviting the misfortunes and calamities[44] and those who are reluctant to spend have malice/rust in their hearts[45] and those who do not feed the poor are in vain.[46] Quran has also warned in order to protect us from spending our wealth in wrong ways[47] and forbids spending extravagantly and carelessly.[48][49][50][51] The primary objective is to maintain a flow in the economy and save the resources to become junk and therefore those who are poor (no hoarding of wealth) have been exempted from spending without any penalty.[52] In order to maintain the uniform distribution of resources and opportunities Quran asked those who possess wealth to be lenient with those who are oppressed.[53]

[1] Al-Quran, Chapter-2, (Surah Al-Baqrah), Verse-3

Those who believe in the unseen, and establish Prayer (fulfilling all its requisites) and spend (in Our way) out of what We have given them;

[2] Al-Quran, Chapter-3, (Surah Ale-Imran), Verse-92

By no means shall you attain Al-Birr (piety, righteousness), unless you spend of that which you love (wealth); and whatever of good you spend, Allah knows it well.

[3] Al-Quran, Chapter-3, (Surah Ale-Imran), Verse-134

Those who spend in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinoon (the good doers/Righteous).

[4] Al-Quran, Chapter-9, (Surah Taubah), Verse-75

And amongst these (hypocrites) are also (some) who made a promise with Allah: ‘If He bestows upon us (riches) out of His bounty, we shall certainly give alms (in His way) and become of the righteous.

[5] Al-Quran, Chapter-63, (Surah Munafiqoon), Verse-10

And spend (in the way of Allah) out of (the wealth) which We have given you before death approaches one of you, and he says: ‘O my Lord, why did You not give me respite for a short while so that I could donate in charity and become one of the most pious?’

[6] Al-Quran, Chapter-2, (Surah Al-Baqrah), Verse- 195

Spend your wealth in the Cause of Allah, and let not your own hands throw you into destruction. Rather, be consistent in benefiting your fellow human beings. Behold, Allah loves the benefactors of humanity.

[7] Al-Quran, Chapter-14, (Surah Ibrahim), Verse- 31

(O Prophet) “Tell My servants to establish and consolidate the Divine System and spend of the provision We have given them, on others, secretly and publicly.”

[8] Al-Quran, Chapter-47, (Surah Mohammad), Verse- 38

Behold, you are those who are called upon to spend in the Cause of Allah.

[9] Al-Quran, Chapter-57, (Surah Al-Hadid), Verse- 10

And what is the matter with you that you do not spend in the way of Allah.

[10] Al-Quran, Chapter-42, (Surah Shura), Verse- 38

And they spend on others of what We have given them.

[11] Al-Quran, Chapter-2, (Surah Al-Baqrah), Verse- 219

And they ask you what they should spend on others. Tell them, “All that is beyond your needs.” Thus Allah makes plain to you His Revelations, that you may reflect and understand the Wisdom behind each Command.

[12] Al-Quran, Chapter-2, (Surah Al-Baqrah), Verse- 254

O You who have chosen to be graced with belief! Spend of Our Provision on fellow human beings, and for the betterment of the society. Do that before the day comes when no bargaining, friendship or intercession shall be of any avail. Those who reject such sensible admonition, do grave injustice to themselves.

[13] Al-Quran, Chapter-2, (Surah Al-Baqrah), Verse- 177

But righteous is he who has conviction in Allah and the Last Day and the Angels and the Book and the Prophets. And he gives his wealth that he loves in reverence of Him, to: Family and relatives, Orphans, Widows, Those left helpless in the society, Those whose hard-earned income fails to meet their basic needs, Those whose running businesses have stalled, The ones who have lost their jobs, Whose life has stalled for any reason, The disabled, The needy wayfarer, son of the street, the homeless, the one who travels to you for assistance, Those who ask for help, and Those whose necks are burdened with any kind of bondage, oppression, crushing debts and extreme hardship of labour. They (the truly righteous) strive to establish the Divine System, and set up the Just Economic Order.

[14] Al-Quran, Chapter-2, (Surah Al-Baqrah), Verse- 215

A crucial step toward the establishment of this Unified Order will be the equitable distribution of wealth. People ask you, O Messenger! “What should we spend in the Cause of Allah?” Say, “Although welfare of the entire society would remain the ultimate objective, begin this goodness with your parents, family and relatives, orphans, widows, and those who are left helpless, those whose hard earned income is insufficient to meet their basic needs, those whose businesses have stalled, and those who have lost their jobs, also the needy wayfarer, the homeless son of the street, and the one who has come to your town in a destitute condition.” And whatever good you do, Allah is Aware of it.

[15] Al-Quran, Chapter-9, (Surah Taubah), Verse- 60

Remember that the funds that the Central Authority receives as Alms and Charity belong to the following categories: The poor. Those who are not able to earn enough living to meet their basic needs, for any reason. Those whose running businesses have stalled or the ones who have lost their jobs, who have become needy with their active lives coming to a standstill. Officers who have been appointed by the government to collect alms and charity. Those who are hindered from joining the Divine System for financial reasons. To free men and women from bondage of any kind: physical slavery, unjust captivity, and oppression from any quarters. Those pressed under the load of ransom or heavy debt from an enemy. Defence of the Ideological State, in the Cause of Allah. The wayfarer who becomes needy, or travels to the believers in destitute condition, and the homeless son of the street. This is a Duty from Allah. He is the Knower, the Wise and His Commands are based on Knowledge and Wisdom.

[16] Al-Quran, Chapter-70, (Surah Al-Marij), Verse- 24, 25

And those (who are committed to sacrifice and) in whose wealth there is a fixed share, Of one who begs and of one who is needy but does not beg.

[17] Al-Quran, Chapter-51, (Surah Dhariyat), Verse-19

And in their wealth was appointed a due share for the beggars and the destitute (i.e., all the needy or the poor who does not ask the others).

[18] Al-Quran, Chapter-5, (Surah Al-Maidah), Verse-45

But the person who (forgoes) this (requital) by way of charity, this will serve as an atonement for his (sins).

[19]Al-Quran, Chapter-9, (Surah Taubah), Verse-104

Do they not know that Allah is He Who accepts the repentance of His servants, and accepts their charity? Verily, Allah is the Acceptor of repentance, Merciful. 9:104

[20] Al-Quran, Chapter-8, (Surah Anfal), Verse-3,4

Who establish worship and spend of that We have bestowed on them. It is they, they who are truly believers! Theirs shall be great dignity in their Sustainer’s sight, and forgiveness of sins, and a most excellent sustenance.

[21] Al-Quran, Chapter-9, (Surah Taubah), Verse-103

Take charity from their wealth, in order that they are thereby cleansed and purified, and pray for them; for your prayer is a comforting mercy for them. Allah is Hearing, Knowing.

[22] Al-Quran, Chapter-92, (Surah Layl), Verse-18

Who gives his wealth away (in the cause of Allah) to attain to purity (of his soul and assets),

[23] Al-Quran, Chapter-8, (Surah Anfal), Verse-4

It is they who are (in fact) the true believers. For them are (high) ranks with their Lord and forgiveness and an honourable provision.

[24] Al-Quran, Chapter-8, (Surah Anfal), Verse-60

And whatever you spend in the way of Allah, you will be paid back in full, and you will not be done any injustice.

[25]Al-Quran, Chapter-2, (Surah Al-Baqrah), Verse-261

The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like (that) grain out of which seven ears shoot forth. (And then) each ear bears a hundred grains (i.e., they are rewarded seven hundred times). And Allah multiplies (still more) for whom He likes. And Allah is Infinite, All-Knowing.

[26] Al-Quran, Chapter-34, (Surah Al-Saba), Verse-39

And whatever you spend (in the way of Allah), He will increase it with more in recompense. And He is the Best Sustainer.

[27] Al-Quran, Chapter-4, (Surah Nisa), Verse-114

There is no good in most of their secret consultations except (the counsel) of the person who enjoins charity or piety or peace-making amongst people. And whoever does this, seeking Allah’s pleasure, We shall soon bless him with a mighty reward.

[28] Al-Quran, Chapter-28, (Surah Qasas), Verse-54

It is these people who will be given their reward twice because they remained steadfast and fended off evil with good, and spent in Our way out of the bounty We bestowed upon them. 

[29]Al-Quran, Chapter-57, (Surah Hadid), Verse-7

Believe in Allah and His Messenger. And spend of what He has made you trustees (your wealth and persons), on others. Those of you who believe and spend, theirs will be a Great Reward.

[30] Al-Quran, Chapter-57, (Surah Hadid), Verse-11

Who will make a good loan to Allah so that He may increase it (the loan) for him manifold? And a generous reward awaits him.

[31] Al-Quran, Chapter-13, (Surah Ar-Raad), Verse-22

And who remain steadfast in seeking the pleasure of their Lord, and establish Prayer, and spend (both) secretly and openly out of the sustenance We have provided, and continue eliminating evil by means of good; they are the ones for whom there is a (beautiful) home in the Hereafter.

[32] Al-Quran, Chapter-4, (Surah Nisa), Verse-39

What have they to fear if they believe in Allah and the Last Day and spend of what Allah has given them? Allah is ever Aware of them.

[33]Al-Quran, Chapter-4, (Surah Nisa), Verse-95

Those believers, who sit back, except for a disability, are not equal in ranks to those who strive with their wealth and person in the Cause of Allah. Allah has granted a grade higher to those who strive with their wealth and person than that granted those who remain passive. Although Allah has promised the ultimate good to all believers, yet Allah has exalted with immense reward those who strive, above the ones who sit back at home.

[34] Al-Quran, Chapter-64, (Surah Taghabun), Verse-16

So fear Allah as much as you are able to. And listen to (His commands) and obey and spend (in His way). That will be better for you. And whoever is saved from the miserliness of his (ill-commanding) self, it is they who will attain prosperity.

[35] Al-Quran, Chapter-35, (Surah Fatir), Verse-29

Verily those who read the Scripture of Allah (in Nature) and follow Allah’s Commands, and spend on others the provision We have given them secretly and openly, are conducting business that will never perish.

[36] Al-Quran, Chapter-22, (Surah Hajj), Verse-34, 35

And give glad tiding to the humble ones. (They are) the people whose hearts get into fear when Allah is mentioned, and they bear with fortitude whatever troubles touch them. And they establish Prayer, and give away out of what We have bestowed upon them.

[37] Al-Quran, Chapter-2, (Surah Al-Baqrah), Verse-264

O You who have chosen to be graced with belief! Cancel not your charity by reminders of your generosity or by injuring the self-respect of the recipients; like those who spend their wealth for show-off. This kind of behaviour contradicts the true belief in Allah and His Law of Recompense. Charity has been ordained to help individuals and not to hurt them, and Allah has promised you manifold reward. But, a seed won’t grow on a dusty rock, upon which rain falls and washes it clean. Even Allah won’t guide those who deny such simple realities.

[38] Al-Quran, Chapter-2, (Surah Al-Baqrah), Verse-263

Kind words and respecting people’s honour is better than charity coupled with injury. Allah, the Rich, the Clement, provides everyone without return or obligation.

[39] Al-Quran, Chapter-3, (Surah Al-Imran), Verse- 117

The likeness of what they spend in this life of the world is the likeness of a biting, frosty wind that destroys the harvest of a people who wronged their own “Self”. Allah wronged them not, but they wronged themselves. (They spent their wealth on themselves although it was a trust given to them to share with fellow human beings).

[40] Al-Quran, Chapter-4, (Surah Nisa), Verse- 38

They give money to charity only to show off, and do not believe in Allah and the Last Day. Such people have taken Satan, their selfish desire, as their intimate companion. What a terrible companion indeed!

[41]Al-Quran, Chapter-8, (Surah Anfal), Verse- 36

Those who are bent upon denying the Truth, spend their riches to hinder people from the Path of Allah. They will spend it, then it will become anguish for them, and they will be overcome. And the rejecters of the Truth will be gathered to Hell.

[42] Al-Quran, Chapter-9, (Surah Taubah), Verse- 34, 35

All those who hoard up gold and silver and spend it not in the Cause of Allah, to them give tidings (O Prophet) of a painful doom. On the Day when that [hoarded wealth] shall be heated in the fire of hell and their foreheads and their sides and their backs branded therewith, [those sinners shall be told:] “These are the treasures which you have laid up for yourselves! Taste, then, [the evil of] your hoarded treasures!”

[43] Al-Quran, Chapter-3, (Surah Ale-Imran), Verse- 180

And those who are niggardly in giving away (from the wealth) which Allah has bestowed upon them out of His bounty must never consider this miserliness of any benefit to themselves; it is rather injurious to them. Soon on the Day of Resurrection, this wealth they are niggardly about will be put around (their necks) like a neck-fetter. To Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth (i.e., He will remain the Owner of the universe after your death in the same way as He owns it today). And Allah is well aware of all your deeds.

[44] Al-Quran, Chapter-9, (Surah Taubah), Verse- 98

Among these Bedouin Arabs is he who looks upon his spending as a penalty, and awaits a disaster to hit you. (They hope for the Divine Order to collapse). It is they who invite disaster upon themselves. Allah is Hearer, Knower.

[45] Al-Quran, Chapter-47, (Surah Muhammad), Verse- 37

If He asks you for this wealth and puts you under scarcity for that, then you will feel constrained (at heart and) become miserly. And in this way, He will expose your (inner) rust (which results from worldly pursuits).

[46] Al-Quran, Chapter-36, (Surah Yasin), Verse- 47

And when it is said to them, “Spend on others of the provision Allah has given to you”, the rejecters say to the believers, “Shall we feed anyone whom Allah could have fed if He so willed? You people are obviously lost in error.” 

[47]Al-Quran, Chapter-9, (Surah Taubah), Verse- 98

O You who have chosen to be graced with belief! A great many religious leaders, rabbis, priests, monks, mullahs, yogis, and mystics devour the wealth of mankind in falsehood, and debar them from the Path of Allah.

[48] Al-Quran, Chapter-17, (Surah Naml), Verse- 27

Surely, the spendthrifts are the brothers of Satan, and Satan is most ungrateful to his Lord.

[49]Al-Quran, Chapter-25, (Surah Furqan), Verse- 67

And (these) are the people who are neither extravagant nor miserly when they spend. And their spending is (based on) a balance between the two extremes (of extravagance and miserliness).

[50] Al-Quran, Chapter-65, (Surah Talaq), Verse- 7

The affluent one should spend (according to) his means. And whoever is provided sustenance scarcely let him spend (for maintaining women folk) out of the provision which Allah has given him. Allah does not burden anyone beyond what He has given him. Allah will soon bring about ease after hardship.

[51] Al-Quran, Chapter-6, (Surah Anam), Verse- 141

And do not be extravagant. Surely, Allah does not like the extravagant.

[52] Al-Quran, Chapter-9, (Surah Taubah), Verse- 91

Not to be blamed are the physically weak, the elderly, the sick, and the ones who have no means to offer, so long as they are sincere to Allah and His Messenger (48:17). They should keep doing what they can to support the Cause. There is no way of blame against the doers of such good. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

[53] Al-Quran, Chapter-12, (Surah Yusuf), Verse- 88

So when they came back to Yusuf ([Joseph] again), they submitted: ‘O ‘Aziz (of Egypt), a distress has fallen upon us and our family (and we are suffering from a dreadful famine). And we have brought only (this) meagre amount. So give us full measure (of grain against it) and (in addition) extend to us (some) charity (as well). Indeed, Allah plenteously rewards those who give away charity.

Research Analyst integrating the fields of Science , Technology, Management and Law.

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