The Transformation of Human Civilization through Innovation and Invention: A Quranic Perspective (Part 2)

Quran emphasised on distribution of wealth among the Poor and Needy

The Obligatory Spending (Zakat)

Quran adopted two modes for the distribution of wealth; obligatory (Zakat) and voluntary (Sadaqat). Quran promotes obligatory spending at many places.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25]

Table-1

Characteristics of people who spend in way of AllahReference
God ConsciousMuttaqeen2:2,3
RighteousnessBir2:1773:92
Righteous, Good DoersMohsin2:1953:134
Loan to AllahQardan Hasanan2:245
Gardens with River (Paradise) 3:15,16,17
Nothing is against them (No Fear)Alayhim4:39
Great Reward (for Promoting Charity)Ajran Azeem4:114
Loan to Allah, Remitting Sins, Gardens with River (Paradise)Qardan Hasanan5:12
Expiation/AtonementKaffara5:45
Ranks, Forgiveness, ProvisionDarjaat, Maghfirat, Rizq8:3,4
Fully RepaidYuwaffa8:60
RighteousSwaleheen9:7563:10
Purify/Cleanse & BlessingsTahir, Wasalli         9:103
Means of RepentanceTawwab9:104
RewardYajzi12:88
Home (in Paradise)Daar13:22
HumbleMukhbitin22:34,35
Double RewardAjrahum Marratayni28:54
Perpetual BusinessTijaratan35:29
Big RewardAjran kabeer57:7
Loan to Allah & Noble RewardQardan Hasanan, Ajran Kareem57:11
Benefit, Success/ProsperityKhair, Muflehoon64:16
PurificationTazkiya92:18

Table-2

Spending in way of AllahReference
Near Relatives (Qurba)2:177
Orphans (Yateem)
Needy/Helpless (Miskeen)
Wayfarer
Those who ask for help
Freeing the Necks
For Good Deeds (Ahsan)2:195
Parents2:215
Relatives
Orphans (Yateem)
Needy/Helpless (Miskeen)
Wayfarer
Good Acts (Khair)
Poor (Fuqra)9:60
Needy/Helpless (Miskeen)
Distributors of Charity
Reconciliation and winning the hearts
Freeing of the Necks (Riqab)
Those who are in debt (Gharimin)
In the way of Allah
Wayfarer
One who asks/begs (lilssāili)51:19
Deprived (needy but does not beg) (Mahroom)
One who asks/begs (lilssāili)70:25
Deprived (needy but does not beg) (Mahroom)

Table-3

ActionResultReference
People who spends only on their own selfWronged themselves (Zalim)3:117
Those who withhold the Provision of AllahPunishment in Hereafter3:180
Those who spend their wealth to show offThey are the companions of Satan.4:38
Those who spend to create hindrances for something good (In Way of Allah)Will go to Hell8:36
Those who hoard the wealthSevere punishment in hereafter9:34 9:35
Those who consider spending as a lossMisfortune/Calamity for them9:98
Those who do spend on feeding poorClear Error36:47
Those who are reluctant to spendMalice/Rust in their hearts47:37
Those who do not spend in Way of AllahSomething is wrong with them57:10
Those who do not spend in Way of AllahReplace them47:38

[1] Al-Quran, Chapter-2, (Surah Al-Baqrah), Verse-43

And establish Prayer and pay Zakat (the Alms-due) regularly and kneel down (together) with those who kneel down.

Or

And help establish the Divinely guided System in the society, and help set up the equitable Economic Order. And bow to these Commands as others have bowed.

[2] Al-Quran, Chapter-2, (Surah Al-Baqrah), Verse-83

And you shall [systematically] dedicate your wealth [by giving it to those in need]

Or

And set up the Just Economic Order (keeping your wealth open for the benefit of all)

[3]Al-Quran, Chapter-2, (Surah Al-Baqrah), Verse-210

And pay the prescribed alms or And set up the Just Economic Order in the society

[4] Al-Quran, Chapter-5, (Surah Al-Maidah), Verse-12

God said: “Surely I am with you: if indeed you establish the Prayer in conformity with all its conditions, and pay the Prescribed Purifying Alms, and believe in all of My Messengers, and honour and support them, and lend God a good loan (by spending out of your wealth in God’s cause), I will surely blot out from you your evil deeds and will certainly admit you into Gardens through which rivers flow. 

[5] Al-Quran, Chapter-4, (Surah Al-Nisa), Verse-162

They are supporters of the Divine System and of the Just Economic Order, believers in Allah and in the Last Day. We shall soon give them an immense reward. (Islam is for all humanity. Any prior affiliations are irrelevant (2:62), (3:19), (4:125)).

[6] Al-Quran, Chapter-5, (Surah Al-Maidah), Verse-55

Indeed, your real helper and friend is only Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) and the believers (as well) who persevere in offering Prayer and pay Zakat (the Alms-due) and they are those who bow down (with extreme submissiveness before the presence of Allah).

Or

Your real friends and protectors are Allah, His Messenger and those believers who establish the Divine System, set up the equitable Economic Order and humble themselves before Allah’s Commands.

[7] Al-Quran, Chapter-7, (Surah Al-Araf), Verse-156

I will specify My Mercy to those who walk aright, spend their wealth on community welfare, and practically believe in Our Revelations.

[8] Al-Quran, Chapter-9, (Surah Al-Taubah), Verse-11

If they mend their ways, and as law-abiding citizens, help consolidate the Divine System, and the Just Economic Order of Zakat, then they are your brothers in the System of life. We explain Our Revelations for those who wish to learn. (The usual translation of this verse conveys the meaning that if they start praying five times a day and give 2.5% poor-due per year, then they are your brothers in religion. This interpretation goes directly against the all-encompassing Ordinance of Allah that there is no compulsion or coercion in DEEN Islam (2:256)).

[9] Al-Quran, Chapter-9, (Surah Al-Taubah), Verse-18

Only those people are fit to administer the Masjids, the Centers of the Divine Order, who have unwavering belief in Allah and the Last Day. And, they strive to establish the Divine System (Salat), and to set up the Just Economic System of Zakat and fear none but Allah. They are the only ones who are rightly guided.

[10] Al-Quran, Chapter-9, (Surah Al-Taubah), Verse-71

And the believers, both men and women, are colleagues one of another. They enjoin the doing of Right and forbid the doing of Wrong (The distinction between right and wrong will never be arbitrary. The Qur’an is the eternal Criterion of what is right and what is wrong (2:185)). Together, they help establish the Divine System (Salat), and set up the Just Economic Order of Zakat (9:60). This is how they obey Allah and His Messenger. These are the men and women on whom Allah will shower His Mercy. Allah is Mighty, Wise.

[11] Al-Quran, Chapter-19, (Surah Maryam), Verse-31

He has made me blessed wherever I may be. He has enjoined upon me to establish the Divine System (Salat) and help set up the Just Economic Order (Zakat) as long as I live.

[12] Al-Quran, Chapter-19, (Surah Maryam), Verse-55

He enjoined upon his people the establishment of the Divine System (Salat) and of the Just Economic Order (Zakat). He was highly acceptable in the Sight of his Lord.

[13] Al-Quran, Chapter-21, (Surah Anbiya), Verse-73

We made them leaders who set the standards of leadership. They guided people as We commanded, into doing collective good for the society, and to establish the Divine System with a Just Economic Order. They were true servants of Ours.

[14] Al-Quran, Chapter-22, (Surah Hajj), Verse-41

Those who, if We give them power in the land, establish Salat – the Divine System – set up the Just Economic Order of Zakat (in which wealth circulates freely to nourish every member of the society, and the basic needs of all individuals are taken care of). Their rule ensures that the Divine Moral Values are promoted, and what the Qur’an forbids, is discouraged. And in their governance all affairs are decided according to Allah’s decrees (in the Qur’an (5:44)).

[15] Al-Quran, Chapter-22, (Surah Hajj), Verse-78

So establish the Prayer in conformity with its conditions, pay the Prescribed Purifying Alms, and hold fast to God. He is your Owner and Guardian. How excellent a Guardian and an Owner He is, how excellent a Helper.

[16]Al-Quran, Chapter-23, (Surah Muminun), Verse-4

They (inheritors of Paradise 23:11) are the setters up of the Just Economic Order of ZAKAT (in which wealth circulates in the society and nourishes every individual).

[17] Al-Quran, Chapter-24, (Surah Noor), Verse-37

They are such whom neither trade nor sale can divert from the remembrance of Allah. They keep striving to consolidate the Divine System and set up the Just Economic Order of Zakat in the society. They are people filled with awesome consciousness of the Day when hearts and eyes will be horrified. (50:20).

[18] Al-Quran, Chapter-24, (Surah Noor), Verse-56

Hence, (O Believers) establish and consolidate the Divine System, set up the Just Economic Order of Zakat, and obey the Messenger. (The eternal Messenger now is the Final Revelation of Allah). That is how you will flourish in the world as the foetus flourishes in the mother’s womb. (Rahm = Womb).

[19] Al-Quran, Chapter-27, (Surah Naml), Verse-3

Who establish and consolidate the Divine System and set up the Just Economic Order of Zakat. They have conviction in the life to come (that the human “Self” lives on after death, and that all actions meet a just requital).

[20] Al-Quran, Chapter-30, (Surah Room), Verse-39

Whatever you give to people in usurious hope that it may return to you increased by through the goods of (other) people, will bring no increase in God’s sight. Whereas whatever you give in charity seeking God’s “Face” (His approval and good pleasure) – for those there is increase (of recompense) multiplied.

[21] Al-Quran, Chapter-31, (Surah Luqman), Verse-4

They establish the Prayer in conformity with its conditions, and pay what is due to the needy out of their belongings, and in the Hereafter they have certainty of faith.

[22]Al-Quran, Chapter-41, (Surah Fussilat), Verse-7

 Those who do not pay Zakat (the Alms-due), and it is they who deny the Hereafter as well.

[23] Al-Quran, Chapter-58, (Surah Mujadilah), Verse-13

Then establish the Prayer in conformity with its conditions, and pay the Prescribed Purifying Alms

[24] Al-Quran, Chapter-73, (Surah Muzammil), Verse-20

But establish the Prayer in conformity with its conditions as prescribed, pay the Prescribed Purifying Alms (the Zakah), and lend God a good loan (by spending in His cause and for the needy).

[25] Al-Quran, Chapter-98, (Surah Bayinah), Verse-5

And they were commanded no more than to serve Allah, keeping religion pure for Him – turning away from all that is false, as men of reason upright. And to establish the Divine System (Salat), and set up the Just Economic Order of Zakat. For, that is the Perfect System of Life.

Research Analyst integrating the fields of Science , Technology, Management and Law.

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